Article contributed by Mr. Anil Rawat, Student B. Com (Hons) First Year
Who was Subhash Chandra Bose?
Subhash Chandra Bose was one of greatest freedom fighter of India who played very crucial role in India’s independence, thus 23rd of January is celebrated as Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti across the country.
He was born on (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) in Cuttack, Orissa. His mother’s name was Prabhavati Dutt Bose and father’s name Janakinath Bose. The incidences which triggered or influenced him For working towards India’s independence and to raise army against Britishers. Britishers in Calcutta making brutal remarks to the Indians in public places and insulting them openly,and another major event was when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten.
He came fourth in the ICS examination and was selected, but declined to work under British government as he had another goal in his mind, he joined the Congress movement to serve for the freedom of the country. He motivated mass to get involved in freedom struggle and devoted his entire life to his mother land. He became the president of Indian National Congress (INC) from 1938 to 1939. He was arrested multiple times for civil disobedience and riots, after being released from imprisonment 11th times, he made a escape plan and fled to Germany, via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union accompanied by his nephew Sisir Kumar Bos on the night of 17 January 1941.
Later on in 1943, he travelled to Japan and with Japanese help and influence, he took the command of a trained army of about 45,000 troops in Japanese-occupied Southeast Asia known as the Azad Hind fauz also known as Indian national army(INA). He also comprised Indian prisoners of war of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan. Indian women also played very important role in the phase of the freedom of India. A women’s regiment of Azad Hind Fauj was formed, which was under the command of Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan. It was called the Rani Jhansi regiment. The Azad Hind Fauj became the symbol of unity and heroism to the people of India.
However, it was a great letdown for subhash chandra bose as well as for INDIA, when In early 1944, three units of the Azad Hind Fauj (INA) took part in the attack on the Britishers to liberate India. Unfortunately the attempt to liberate India by the Azad Hind Fauj failed.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died on August 18 in a plane crash at the Matsuyama military airport in Taiwan. The incident left many Indians in a state of shock and disbelief.
Even after 75 years, the controversy surrounding the death of Bose refuses to die down. A few believe that he did not die during the accident. Other Theories say that he spent his last days in Uttar Pradesh while some say he lived abroad. There is so many conspiracy about him which still exists and which one is true its still unclear
10 famous quotes of Subhash Chandra Bose:
- It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I will give you freedom.
- One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.
- Reality is, after all, too big for our frail understanding to fully comprehend. Nevertheless, we have to build our life on the theory which contains the maximum truth.
- Freedom is not given, it is taken.
- Life loses half its interest if there is no struggle — if there are no risks to be taken.
- Men, money and material cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits.
- India is calling. Blood is calling to blood. Get up, we have no time to lose.
- Forget not that the grossest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong. Remember the eternal law: You must give, if you want to get.
- No real change in history can be achieved by discussions.
- 10.It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood.