Artificial Intelligence ( AI, also Machine Intelligence, MI ) is intelligence exhibited by machines, rather than humans or other animals ( Natural Intelligence, NI ). In Computer Science, the field of AI research defines itself as the Study of ” Intelligent Agents ” : any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal.
A very Happy Engineer’s Day to all our Engineering students/alumni . Engineer’s Day marks the birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Sir M. Visvesvaraya, a prominent engineering pioneer in the history of Indian development. The theme for this year’s Engineers Day is “Role of Engineers in a developing India ”
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, KCIE(popularly known as Sir MV; 15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962) was an Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He is a recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good.
Sir MV had a flair for complex engineering problems and nation building. It is to honour his achievements and contribution towards the country that India celebrates Engineer’s Day on his birthday, 15 September.
Joined service as Assistant Engineer in Bombay, 1885, served in Nasik, Khandesh and Poona.
Services lent to Municipality of Sukkur in Sind, 1894, designed and carried out the water works of that Municipality, 1895.
Executive Engineer, Surat, 1896.
Assistant Superintending Engineer, Poona, 1897–99,visited China and Japan, 1898.
Executive Engineer for Irrigation, Poona, 1899.
Sanitary Engineer, Bombay, and Member, Sanitary Board, 1901, gave evidence before the Indian Irrigation Commission, 1901.
Designed and constructed automatic gates patented by him at Lake Fife Storage Reservoir, introduced a new system of irrigation known as the “Block System”, 1903; represented the Bombay Government at the Simla Irrigation Commission, 1904, on special duty, 1905.
Superintending Engineer, 1907, visited Egypt, Canada. United States of America and Russia, 1908.
Services lent as Special Consulting Engineer, Hyderabad, to supervise and carry out engineering works in connection with the Musi floods, 1909.
Retired from British service, 1909.
Chief Engineer and Secretary to the Government of Mysore, 1909.
Dewan of Mysore, P. W. and Railway Department, 1913.
Board of director of Tata Steel, 1927–1955.Here are 5 things you should know about Sir MV :
After topping the Poona College of Engineering he was directly( without any interview) recruited by Government of Bombay and appointed as Assistant Engineer in Public Works Department.
He created automatic sluice gates which was later reused for Tigra Dam (in Madhya Pradesh) and KRS Dam(in Karnataka) as well. For this patent design he was supposed to get a recurring income in the form of royalty but he refused it so that the government could use this money for more developmental projects.
- Between 1895 and 1905, he worked in different parts of India:
– In Hyderabad, he improved the drainage system.
– In Bombay, he introduced block system of irrigation and water weir flood gates.
– In Bihar and Orissa, he was a part of the building railway bridges project and water supply schemes.
– In Mysore, he supervised the construction of KRS dam, the then Asia’s biggest dam.
- He was offered Dewanship (Prime Minister position) of Mysore in 1908 and given full responsibility of all the development projects. Under his Dewanship Mysore saw major transformation in the realms of Agriculture, Irrigation, Industrialization, Education , Banking and Commerce.
- He was conferred with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1955 for his contribution towards engineering.
He was not only praised by the Indian government but also received honorary awards and memberships from all over the world.
Contributed By :
B.Tech. C.S.E. II Year
Python is a general purpose programming language created in the late 1980s, and named after Monty Python. Python is an easy to learn and powerful object oriented language. It owes its existence to mainly two programming languages :
ABC language, a teaching language created as a replacement of BASIC, and Modula-3
Python has evolved into a powerful, complete and useful language over these years. These days Python is being used in many diverse fields, some of which are:
Web Applications : Python is the favourite among many developers for its strong emphasis on readability and efficiency, especially when compared to other languages like Java, PHP, or C++.
It has always been possible to use Python for creating web sites, but it was a rather tedious task. Therefore, many frameworks and helper tools have been created to assist developers in creating faster and more robust sites.
GUI Programs : By its nature as a general purpose programming language with interpreters available across every common operating system, Python has to be fairly agnostic as to the choices it presents for creating graphical user interfaces. Python has a huge number of GUI frameworks (or toolkits) available for it, from TkInter (traditionally bundled with Python, using Tk) to a number of other cross-platform solutions, as well as bindings to platform-specific (also known as “native”) technologies.
Game Developments : Python is also good for building tools for game designers which simplify tasks like level design or dialog tree creation and having those tools export that work into a format the main game engine can use. 3D Editing Packages like Maya use Python for scripting and it’s pretty much a required skill to be really competent with those tools. Pygame is a cross platform Python library which wraps SDL. It provides many features like Sprite groups and sound/image loading and easy changing of an objects position. It also provides the programmer access to key and mouse events.
Software Development : Python is often used as a support language for software developers, for build control and management, testing, and in many other ways like :
SCons for build control.
Buildbot and Apache Gump for automated continuous compilation and testing.
Roundup or Trac for bug tracking and project management.
Database Applications . The Python programming language has powerful features for database programming. Python supports various databases like MySQL, Oracle, Sybase, PostgreSQL, etc. Python also supports Data Definition Language (DDL), Data Manipulation Language (DML) and Data Query Statements.
For Database programming, the Python DB API is a widely used module that provides a Database Application Programming Interface.
Such diverse application of the Python language is a result of the combination of features which give this language an edge over others. Some of the benefits of programming in Python include :
Easy to Use : Learning a programming language doesn’t sound as exciting as a breakdance competition on an aircraft carrier. The use of white space and common expressions has eliminated the need for tedious variable declarations and unattractive curly brackets. Python also requires less code to complete basic tasks, making it an economical language to learn. Python code is often 3-5 times shorter than Java, and 5-10 times shorter than C++.
Interpreted Language : Python converts source code written by the programmer into intermediate language which is again translated into the machine language that is executed. So Python is an interpreted language. Python is also interactive where it can prompt and interact with the interpreter directly to write the programs.
Cross-Platform Language : Python is a cross-platform language ; a Python program written on a Macintosh computer will run on a Linux system and vice versa. Python programs can run on a Windows computer, as long as the Windows machine has the Python interpreter installed (most other operating systems come with Python pre-installed).
Free and Open Source : Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license, making it freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use. Python’s license is administered by the Python Software Foundation.
Object Oriented Programming Language : Python has been an object-oriented language since it existed. Because of this, creating and using classes and objects are downright easy as compared with other programming languages.
From the above mentioned chart, only one language has a constant unabated upward trend. That’s consistent over 25 years. Think about that. Python pulls ahead of Java for worldwide popularity in 2017 unless something causes an uptick in Java adoption again.
The Java honeymoon is probably over, right while more and more folks who don’t have the time to become professional Java or C programmers but need the power of coding are picking up Python, such as the Data Science community.
Moreover, Python had the largest year-on-year job demand growth — at 19% — as of March 2013. Notably, the overall hiring demand for IT professionals dipped year over year by 5% as of January 2014, except for Python programmers which increased by 8.7%. All over the world, Python developers ranked #8 of the most in-demand tech workers, making an average of $106k/year. As is evident from the graph, Python programmers also enjoy a strongly rising demand for their skills.
Jitendra Singh Jeena
B. Tech. C.S.E. II Year